James Horncastle

Juventus – Roma | A History of a Rivalry

Posted on October 3rd, 2014

A letter for Signor Viola


It’s the spring of 1983. Dino Viola, the then president of Roma, is at the office. He’s sat behind his desk about to start work for the day when his personal secretary enters with the morning post. Among the bundle of letters, there is one stamped and mailed from Turin. As he picks up the envelope, studying it carefully before opening the lip, Viola knows exactly from whom it was sent.


Intuition tells him that it’s from the president of Juventus, Giampiero Boniperti. Over the years, the pair had frequently corresponded, writing rather amusing open letters to each other in their respective local papers. They formed part of the build up to matches between their two clubs.


This particular one, however, arrived the day after Juventus had come back from a goal down at the Stadio Olimpico to beat Roma 2-1 on March 6, 1983, scoring twice in the last 10 minutes. Their winning goal, headed in by Sergio Brio, had been a source of some controversy. Michel Platini who assisted it, appeared to be in an offside position when the ball was played to him.


Viola, not for the first time, had complained afterwards that the result was a “question of centimeters.”  So, with that in mind, Boniperti went out and bought him a gift. He had it delivered the next day. “I sent him a little plastic ruler. It cost 3,000 lira [$2],” Boniperti recalled. There was an explanatory message for Viola in accompaniment. “You can use this to measure our offsides,” he wrote. Viola, a qualified engineer, sent the former footballer Boniperti a gold one in return. “You need it more,” he scribbled back.


It was a classy exchange. Notwithstanding the defeat, Roma went on to win the Scudetto that year for the first time since 1942. It was only the second in their history. And yet for many of their supporters it should have been the third. Understanding why it wasn’t goes some way to explaining this rivalry and its endurance ahead of Sunday’s eagerly anticipated meeting in Turin. So what happened?


Er’ go’ de Turone


In 1981, the title race had also been a joust between Nils Liedholm’s Roma and Giovanni Trapattoni’s Juventus. With only two games remaining they met at the Stadio Comunale in Turin for what was billed as a decider. Trailing Juventus by a single point, if Roma won they’d leapfrog them. A quarter of an hour from the end with the score still 0-0 came a moment that would charge a rivalry. Bruno Conti lifted a ball into the Juventus penalty area, Roberto Pruzzo rose to flick it on for the onrushing Maurizio Turone who nodded it beyond Dino Zoff.


The deadlock looked to have been broken. But as Turone got to his feet again, raising his hands in celebration, something made him stop in his tracks. It was the linesman Giuliano Sancini, a gift shop owner from Bologna. His flag was up. Paolo Bergamo, the man in black, who’d later become the referee designator between 1990 and 2005 – that is until the Calciopoli scandal engulfed him – validated the decision.


There was disbelief. Turone had made a late run into the box, catching the current Italy coach and former Juventus midfield player Cesare Prandelli asleep at the far post. How could he have been offside? His initial reaction was that it must have been Pruzzo who had strayed. Broadcast later that evening on La Domenica Sportiva, Italy’s Match of the Day, the replay showed Turone to be onside.


The match finished in a stalemate. Juventus preserved their lead at the top of the table and, 1-0 winners away at Napoli and at home to Fiorentina over the next fortnight, claimed the championship.


Conspiracy? Chokes. Claim and counter-claim


Er’ go’ de Turone – the Turone goal in Roman dialect – is still talked about to this day. At the time, Juventus’ owner, the charismatic playboy and captain of industry, Gianni Agnelli didn’t know what Roma were complaining about. “You have the Pope, [Giulio] Andreotti [the most powerful man in Italian politics] and the sun. At least leave us the Scudetto,” he joked. Juventus had won 19 of them, though, Roma only one.


Boniperti, his right-hand man, later admitted: “For me it was a goal. But, be careful now: you can’t definitely claim that with that goal Roma would have won the game and therefore the Scudetto, because there was still a long time to play until the end and we might have been able to equalise. You can’t insinuate that the referee disallowed it out of favour to us either, as [Juventus’ rugged midfielder] Beppe Furino was sent off in that game.”


Unused to being in the ascendancy, Roma might have choked too. They beat Pistoiese the following weekend and were leading Avellino on the final day of the campaign when news came through that Antonio Cabrini had put Juventus ahead against Fiorentina. Shortly afterwards, Roma conceded and drew 1-1. It’s worth noting that this team did have a tendency to throw things away. Flash forward, for instance, to the penultimate game of `85-86 for evidence of that when they lost 3-2 to a Lecce side doomed to relegation and were overtaken by – yes, you guessed it – Juventus. This Scudetto, though, the `81 edition, felt like it had been taken away from them.


While “you can’t say anything for certain” particularly after Calciopoli, Turone himself doesn’t completely buy into the conspiracy theories and retrospective analysis that followed the scandal. “In those days it was fashionable to talk about a ‘control room’, but I don’t believe that Juventus had to go looking for help,” Turone told Il Corriere dello Sport. “Let’s not forget that they were a great team: Zoff, Gentile, Cabrini, Scirea, Tardelli… They were the backbone of the national team that won the World Cup [in 1982]. And then there was Bettega, Causio and Brady. Yet we weren’t inferior. Conti, Pruzzo, Ancelotti, Agostino Di Bartolomei and above all Falcao, a phenomenon, a complete player.”


The height of a rivalry and why it burns anews


Roma’s wait for a Scudetto ended in 1983. They reached the European Cup final the following year, losing on penalties to Liverpool in front of their own fans at the Olimpico. Juventus lifted that trophy in 1985 with the tragedy at Heysel as its backdrop and in `86 they’d edge Sven-Göran Eriksson’s Roma to become Campione d’Italia again. That era was the height of a rivalry that will forever have Er’ go’ de Turone as its symbol.


It is still disputed. Only this year, Carlo Sassi, the man behind RAI’s action replay at the time, claimed it was offside, that the camera angle had led to a false impression and even alleged it had been manipulated to show otherwise at the broadcaster’s studios in Rome. When applied, new technology, however, did demonstrate that Turone was onside. But “any instrument has a margin of error.” So we’re still no closer to an answer.


What Viola said all those years ago is true to this day. It remains a “question of centimeters.” Evoked whenever Roma and Juventus meet, it attains a greater resonance if it’s a match considered decisive for the title. That was the case in 2001, the last time they were involved in a top of the table clash. On that occasion, the decisions went Roma’s way, notably the one to lift the restriction on non-EU players just prior to the game.


Down 2-0 inside 10 minutes, Fabio Capello was able to throw on Marcos Assunção and Hidetoshi Nakata in the second half. “The Japanese who shouldn’t have played was decisive,” recalled Juventus’ coach at the time, Carlo Ancelotti. Nakata did indeed change the game. He pulled one back in the 79th minute and it was from the rebound of his shot that Vincenzo Montella equalised at the death to preserve Roma’s six-point lead on Juventus. Six weeks later, they were champions.


Memories of encounters like that whet the appetite for Sunday’s game in Turin. Even at this early stage – remember we’re not yet half-way through the season in Serie A – it’s expected this meeting will set the tone and tell us a lot about the psychology of the remainder of the campaign. Roma, winners of their first 10 games – a record in Italy – were five points ahead of Juventus in late October.


Things have swung in the meantime. Victorious in their last nine league games, Juventus are now the ones five points out in front. Make it 10 in a row and, according to the great Zibi Boniek who played for both clubs in the `80s, it will be “practically match-point” for the Old Lady. Roma though can bring this title race closer to deuce again. Yet to disappoint in any of the big games they’ve played so far this season and, lest we forget, still undefeated, they will run Juventus close. It promises to be another “question of centimeters.”


Milan derby | The Electrocardiogram of the Madonnina

Posted on November 23rd, 2014

A quarter of an hour before the Derby della Madonnina kicked off, Inter’s team manager at the time Andrea Butti knocked on the referee’s dressing room door. He had a special request to make Emidio Morganti on behalf of Inter’s owner Massimo Moratti. A week earlier on December 16, 2007, Milan had triumphed over Boca Juniors 4-2 in Yokohama. Pippo Inzaghi had scored a brace, just as he had done in the Champions League final against Liverpool in Athens that summer.


At the open top bus parade, Massimo Ambrosini had held up a banner telling Inter they could “stick the Scudetto up their arse.” Milan had eclipsed them. But Moratti rose above it. The Diavoli were European and World champions once again and he thought it only right to recognise their achievement. He wanted Morganti to let his players form a tunnel of their own and applaud their Milan counterparts onto the pitch one-by-one at San Siro.


It was a gesture of great class from the Italian champions. Millions around the globe were watching. It had the attention of every discerning football fan. A fortnight before the game, Kaká had become the sixth Milan player to receive the Ballon d’Or. Five of his teammates, the legendary Paolo Maldini, Clarence Seedorf and the World Cup winners Andrea Pirlo, Inzaghi and Rino Gattuso figured in the top 30. Zlatan Ibrahimovic, Serie A’s most dominant player, was on the list as Inter’s representative.


The match itself went back and forth. Pirlo curled in a trademark free-kick to put Milan in front but Inter got back on level terms before half-time through ‘the Gardener’ Julio Cruz. The turnaround was completed by Esteban Cambiasso. He clinched victory half an hour from the end to maintain a six-point lead over Roma at the top of the table going into Christmas.


Roberto Mancini was in the dug-out for Inter that day. He was in the final season of his first spell in charge of the Biscione. Inzaghi, as we’ve already established, was also on the pitch. How the scene they now survey has changed in the meantime. Milan are seventh. Inter are ninth. Not since 2000-01 have they encountered each other in similar positions. Prior to then, you have to go back to the late 40s and early 50s.


The difference between now and the turn of millennium is both clubs had a core of outstanding elite players who’d define their generation. They also had owners who were willing and able to spend more than anyone else. Had they invested a fraction on what they lavished in the transfer market on infrastructure like their academies and stadia, developing their brand in new markets and concentrating on other money-making ventures maybe Milan and Inter wouldn’t be where they are now. Instead resources have dwindled – ultimately they’re finite too – and when the credit crunch happened in 2007, Italy and the business interests of its captains of industry were left more exposed than many other nations in Europe.


Calcio had done little to make itself recession proof. Milan sold Kaká to Real Madrid in 2009, the beginning of a spending review. Their austerity drive would be briefly interrupted in response to Inter winning a fifth straight Scudetto and the treble – Ibrahimovic and Robinho were bought. But after reclaiming the title and failing to retain it, the policy started in earnest again as Fininvest, the family holding company, turned off the taps and made it clear that Milan has to become self-sustainable. For Inter, the treble they achieved in 2010 was the realisation of a dream for Moratti, who emulated his father Angelo’s feat from the 60s. It was also the culmination of more than £1bn in spending since the mid-90s. Now the time had come, as Moratti put it, for this beautiful daughter, his favourite, who had been spoilt and indulged to be sent to university to learn discipline and to stand on her own two feet. With a heavy heart, he sold a majority stake to the Indonesian Erick Thohir a year ago.


The golden age was over and a study in the magazine Panorama last month laid it bare with a series of sobering statistics. Consider the Deloitte Money League: if you combine Milan’s [£225.8m] and Inter’s total turnover [£144.4m] it amounts to just £370.2m. That’s less than Real Madrid, less than Barcelona and less than Bayern Munich. What it boils down is they have fewer resources to buy players. Their transfer spending is down by 80% on what it was five years ago and the payroll has been slashed too.


Take La Gazzetta dello Sport’s annual review of player wages. In 2011-12, Milan were paying out €160m to their players and Inter €145m. That’s a grand total of €305m net. Their highest earners were Ibrahimovic [€9m p/a] and Wesley Sneijder [€6m p/a]. The contrast with now is stark. Milan have cut theirs to €94m and Inter’s is down to €70m. If the decrease wasn’t staggering enough in and of itself, reflect on this: Fernando Torres and Philippe Mexes currently have the highest salaries in Rossonero [€4m p/a] while Nemanja Vidic and Rodrigo Palacio are the ones who take home the most among the Nerazzurri [€3.2m p/a]: players if not past their best then out of form or in the cold.


A line from Gazzetta’s Luigi Garlando before the first Madonnina of last season still applies. A ground known throughout the world as La Scala del Calcio after the city’s famous opera house, San Siro won’t be welcoming as many virtuosos on stages as in other years. Instead of violins for instruments, the respective orchestras of Inter and Milan now only have pots and pans with which to make music.


And yet some of its appeal has been rekindled in the last fortnight. There’s a buzz about it following the return of Mancini to Inter while the presence of another icon on the Milan bench in Inzaghi does also give the derby a lustre it lacked 12 months ago when Walter Mazzarri and Max Allegri were in situ. There’s a lot at stake too. As a city defined by 10 European Cup wins, being outside of the Champions League looking in hurts their pride and their pockets. Milan and Inter need to qualify for it again for their identity and for its revenue.


Sunday’s derby is a sell-out. The ultras are preparing their choreographies and have been granted permission by the Questura to bring drums into San Siro for the first time in seven years. The atmosphere should be fantastic. The Madonnina might not glisten like she once did and is in need of restoration work but this fixture remains a compelling spectacle. It still gets the pulse racing. “Think of the line traced by an electrocardiogram,” Andriy Shevchenko told Gazzetta. “It goes up and down. A heartbeat is like this. Life is like this, even that of a football club. Milan and Inter will get back to the top, but they have to start from this derby, which is worth a lot more than three points. It could be a turning point for both.”